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Phase I to II study of pleurectomy/decortication and intraoperative intracavitary hyperthermic cisplatin lavage for mesothelioma.

Richards WG, Zellos L, Bueno R, Jaklitsch MT, Janne PA, Chirieac LR, Yeap BY, Dekkers RJ, Hartigan PM, Capalbo L, Sugarbaker DJ.

Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

PURPOSE: To evaluate morbidity, mortality, maximum-tolerated dose (MTD), and outcome of intraoperative intracavitary hyperthermic cisplatin lavage in patients undergoing pleurectomy for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients were prospectively registered. Forty-four resectable patients with MPM underwent pleurectomy, followed by a 1-hour lavage of the resection cavity with dose-escalated cisplatin (50, 100, 150, 175, 200, 225, and 250 mg/m2) at 42 degrees C and then intravenous sodium thiosulfate (16 g/m2 over 6 hours). Survival estimates were compared using the log-rank test and proportional hazards regression.

RESULTS: Median age was 71 years (range, 50 to 82 years). Twenty-four patients had epithelial tumors, and 20 had sarcomatous or mixed histology. Postoperative mortality was 11% (five of 44 patients). Dose-limiting renal toxicity occurred at 250 mg/m2, establishing the MTD at 225 mg/m2. Other morbidity included atrial fibrillation (14 of 44 patients, 32%) and deep venous thrombosis (four of 44 patients, 9%). Median survival time of all registered patients was 9 months, and the median survival time of resected patients was 13 months. Survival estimates differed significantly for resectable patients exposed to low doses (50 to 150 mg/m2; n = 9; median, 6 months) versus high doses (175 to 250 mg/m2; n = 35; median, 18 months) of hyperthermic cisplatin (P = .0019); recurrence-free interval also differed significantly (4 v 9 months, respectively; P < .0001). Low dose level (relative risk = 3.418) and nonepithelial histology (relative risk = 2.336) were independent risk factors for poor survival. Twenty patients with epithelial tumors who underwent high-dose cisplatin lavage had a 26-month median survival time.

CONCLUSIONS: Pleurectomy and high-dose intraoperative intracavitary hyperthermic cisplatin lavage is feasible in this patient population with restricted surgical options. An apparent dose-related survival benefit warrants further study.