Ranpirnase is a ribonuclease enzyme. It breaks down the genetic material RNA into smaller components and thereby renders the cell dysfunctional. (A ribonuclease is an enzyme that degrades RNA, by definition.) It is under investigation for treatment of mesothelioma.
According to a press release from the drug company Alfacell, ranpirnase is well tolerated in humans with "no evidence of cardiac toxicity or life-time exposure limit as with doxorubicin or other anthracyclines."
How it works
When a cancer cell divides it uses RNA to help form a new copy of itself. Ranpirnase works by breaking down RNA which is used to code for a cell’s DNA thus killing or disabling a cell. Many chemotherapy drugs work by interfering with cell division, but the great thing about ribnucleases is that they appear to selectively attack malignant cells. The ranpirnase molecule is 105 amino acids long. It is derived from amphibian eggs.
found that ranpirnase does not induce myelosuppression, mucositis,
alopecia, cardiotoxicity, coagulopathy, hepatotoxicity, or adverse metabolic
Press releases from Alfacell:
More on chemotherapy for mesothelioma.
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